Fossa Finder


Dissections have been among the best tools in anatomy education. However, they are expensive and have limited use when trying to reach deep, small, detailed structures. One such area is the Pterygopalatine Fossa, an important super-junction of nerves and blood vessels in the skull. Where dissections fail, the burden is placed upon students to visualize these dynamic, three-dimensional objects from static, two-dimensional photos. As such, there is a clear need for advancements in this field of education.


To create an interactive educational virtual reality tool to aid anatomy education with regards to the Pterygopalatine Fossa. Stretch goals include expanding to other similarly small, complex, and important areas in the body.

Why Virtual Reality?

Our experience of the world is in three dimensions. Thus to learn about real world objects, a three-dimensional space is a potent asset. Dissections use the real world as said space, but are limited by real world constraints. Technology can bypass real world constraints through projecting three dimensional models onto two dimensional interfaces, such as computer monitors. But these are limited by the disparity in dimensions and difficulty in mapping controls. Virtual reality integrates our experience of the real world with technology in a way that foregoes previous drawbacks.


Dynamic cross-section plane

Component exploded mode

The Team

Principal Investigator

  • Pawel Kindler, PhD, Gross Anatomy Course Director


  • Kevin Yang, Developer, Project Lead (Oct 2017 – Aug 2018)
  • William Beltran, Developer (May 2018 – Aug 2018)
  • Penjani Chavula, Developer (May 2018 – Aug 2018)
  • Ishan Dixit, 3D Modeller (May 2018 – Aug 2018)
  • Juan Lee, Developer (Oct 2017 – August 2018)
  • Shalini Mohan, UX Designer (Nov 2017 – Apr 2018)
  • George Molina, Developer (Oct 2017 – Apr 2018)
  • Juyeong Oh, Developer (May 2018 – Aug 2018)
  • Emily Sun, Developer (Oct 2017 – Apr 2018)
  • Abel Waller, Developer (May 2018 – Aug 2018)

Industry Developer

  • Peter Kao, CEO, Metanaut (May 2018 – Present)