Fossa Finder


Dissections have been among the best tools in anatomy education. However, they are expensive and have limited use when trying to reach deep, small, detailed structures. One such area is the Pterygopalatine Fossa, an important super-junction of nerves and blood vessels in the skull. Where dissections fail, the burden is placed upon students to visualize these dynamic, three-dimensional objects from static, two-dimensional photos. As such, there is a clear need for advancements in this field of education.


To create an interactive educational virtual reality tool to aid anatomy education with regards to the Pterygopalatine Fossa. Stretch goals include expanding to other similarly small, complex, and important areas in the body.

Why Virtual Reality

Our experience of the world is in three dimensions. Thus to learn about real-world objects, a three-dimensional space is a potent asset. Dissections use the real world as said space but are limited by real-world constraints. Technology can bypass real-world constraints by projecting three-dimensional models onto two-dimensional interfaces, such as computer monitors. But these are limited by the disparity in dimensions and difficulty in mapping controls. In Fossa Finder, the Pterygopalatine Fossa is a defined space that the user can enter and explore — an experience made possible only with virtual reality.

The Team

Principal Investigator

  • Pawel Kindler, PhD, Gross Anatomy Course Director

Past Staff Team Members

  • Robert Shum, Lead Developer
  • Dante Cerron, Lead Developer

Past Student Team Members

  • Hank Chen, Developer
  • Karen Zhou, Developer
  • W Chung, 3D Modeler
  • Sean Jeon, Scrum Master
  • Julia Chu, Project Lead
  • Frances Sin, Developer
  • Yousra Alfarra, Designer

Past Student Volunteers

  • Hala Murad, Designer (December 2020 – April 2021)
  • Pedro Leite, Developer (September 2020 – April 2021)
  • Rosaline Baek, Designer (September 2019 – 2021)
  • Sayem Nazmuz, Developer (September 2020 – April 2021)
  • Leah Jo, Developer (Sept 2020 – April 2021)

Industry Developer

  • Peter Kao, CEO, Metanaut (May 2018 – 2020)